Cat Scratch Disease: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention Overview
Contrary to the appellate, cat scratch disease occurs in humans and not in kittens. Also known as the cat scratch fever disease, this ailment is transmitted through cat scratches and licks – especially on human wounds and blemishes. This disease is more likely caused by kittens than mature cats – and affects kids (below 17 years) rather than adults. As a result, veterinarians recommend keeping a safe distance from your cats under all circumstances.
What causes cat scratch disease?
Normal cat behavior includes scratching furniture, scraping at things, indulging in territorial marking and licking their humans to show love and affection. Unfortunately, an overdose of such PDA results in cat scratch diseases in children. Cat saliva has a huge amount of ‘Bartonella henselae’ – bacteria that result in the disease. Though studies have shown that dog scratches, fish bone ingestion and thorn punctures also contribute to the disease, a majority of cat scratch fever disease sources are traced to cat proximities.
Typical cat scratching disease symptoms in humans:
How do you know whether you’ve contracted the cat scratch disease? Here are few symptoms to watch out for.
1. In most of the cases, a tiny goose-bump develops at the place of scratch or bite. This is where the bacteria enter the body.
2. Within two or three weeks, lymph nodes begin to form at the armpit, shoulder and neck.
3. This is followed by severe body pain, headaches, loss of appetite and listlessness. Flu and fever can also occur around this time.
4. In severe conditions, it may lead to high fever, vomiting and sweating and can even result in an untimely death.
Common treatment methods of cat scratch disease
Generally, there is no special need for treatments for the cat scratch disease. The ailment is self-curative and the skin lesions disappear by themselves after a week or two. The time for healing varies from person to person and according to patient reviews, it can take up to many months before your skin is back to normal.
However, if you are looking to seek medical intervention, the treatment will generally be of the following kind.
1. Warm and damp compression activity would be used to alleviate the swelling and lymph formation.
2. Your doctor might prescribe mild analgesic medication.
3. In rare cases, pus ejection treatments on the wounds would be used to help you relieve pressure and pain.
4. Antibiotics might be recommended.
How to prevent cat scratch disease?
Prevention is always, better than a cure. In order to lessen the risks of contracting cat scratch fever disease from your kittens, we recommend the following preventive measures to adopt.
1. Buy a scratching post and issue proper cat training for your kittens. This way they tend to scratch you less and their attention is diverted away from your couches and furniture.
2. Avoid letting your cat lick wounds, blemishes and other cuts and skin-grazes.
3. Consult your veterinarian and order proper flea control products to keep your cat healthy and clean.
The key to preventing cat scratch disease is to take good care of your kittens and keep them healthy and flea-free.